About EPCs & HIPs


The EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) was published in 2003, and requires an Energy Performance Certificate to be produced for all dwellings at the time of sale. Under the Housing Act 2004, home owners in England and Wales are required to create a mandatory Home Information Pack (HIP) as part of the home buyer process.

The HIP essentially contains an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) and other vital documents which are aimed to speed up the buying process and ensure compliance with the EPBD.

Latest News: Landlords & Rental EPCs
From 1st October 2008 EPCs will be required for residential rental properties on change of tenant, and must be shown to all prospective tenants.
Please note that the Home Information Pack (HIP) duties were suspended from 21 May 2010. This means that homes marketed for sale on or after this date will no longer require a Home Information Pack. However, Energy Performance Certificates are still required.
Last updated: 28th November 2010 

Domestic Energy Assessors (DEAs)

In England & Wales an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)  can only be completed by a qualified Domestic Energy Assessor (DEA) who is accredited with a government approved Accreditation Scheme. A DEA will inspect the property and collect all the necessary information from which an EPC is prepared and made available.

Energy Efficiency Rating

An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) provides information on how energy efficient a property is by showing an Energy Efficiency Rating which is based on a scale of A-G. Band A are the most efficient properties and will also have the lowest fuel bills.

Environmental (CO2) Impact Rating

The EPC also tells you about the impact a property has on the environment by showing an Environmental (CO2) Impact Rating which is also based on a scale of A-G. Best rated properties will has less of an impact to the environment through carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Shown below is an example of how these ratings are shown on an EPC.

 Above: Energy Efficiency Rating & Environmental (CO2) Impact Rating

>>  View an example EPC (PDF)

>>  Learn how to prepare for an energy inspection

The average property in the UK is bands D-E for both ratings. The EPC includes an energy cost calculation and recommendations on ways to improve the energy efficiency of the property which can save money and help the environment.
An EPC assumes standard occupancy and living conditions so properties can be assessed and compared on a like for like basis.


About Home Information Packs (HIPs)



For further information & related links visit:

>>  The Official Government HIP Website

>>  Communities & Local Government

>>  Association of HIP Providers




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