What is an EPC?

What is a DEA?

Why do I need an EPC or HIP?

What does an energy inspection involve?

How long is an EPC valid for?

Q:  What is an EPC?

A:   An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) provides information on how energy efficient a property is by showing an Energy Efficiency Rating which is based on a scale of A-G. Band A are the most efficient properties and will also have the lowest fuel bills.

The EPC also tells you about the impact a property has on the environment by showing an Environmental (CO2) Impact Rating which is also based on a scale of A-G. Best rated properties will has less of an impact to the environment through carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.

The average property in the UK is bands D-E for both ratings. The EPC includes an energy cost calculation and recommendations on ways to improve the energy efficiency of the property which can save money and help the environment.

An EPC assumes standard occupancy and living conditions so properties can be assessed and compared on a like for like basis. See Example EPC PDF



Q:  What is a DEA?

A:  An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) in England & Wales can only be completed by a qualified Domestic Energy Assessor (DEA) who is accredited with a government approved Accreditation Scheme.

A DEA will inspect the property and collect all the necessary information from which an EPC is prepared and made available.


Q:  Why do I need an EPC or HIP?

A:  Since December 14th 2007, under the Housing Act 2004, every domestic property marketed for sale requires a Home Information Pack (HIP). The EPC is one of the compulsory documents contained within a Home Information Pack.

Illegally marketing your property for sale without a Home Information Pack (HIP) can incur a fine of up to £200 per day.

From 1st October 2008, illegally letting a property without an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) can incur a fine of up to £200 per offence.


Q:  What does an energy inspection involve?

A:  An average inspection takes approximately 1 hour, but depends on the size & complexity of the property. The DEA will arrange an appointment with the home owner and on the day of the inspection access is required to all rooms, loft space, electricity & gas metres, heating system including any boilers and hot water cylinders. The DEA will only make a visual inspection which includes taking measurements. As such the DEA will not lift carpets, test appliances, drill holes or any other similar activities. Once the inspection is complete, the DEA will produce the EPC and make it available usually within 24 hours.


Q:  How long is an EPC valid for?

A:  An EPC for rental purposes is valid for 10 years. An EPC for a marketed sale (As part of a Home Information Pack) is valid for 3 years.

An EPC from a marketed sale can be used for rental purposes.

Please contact us if you have any specific queries, and one of our DEA’s will be pleased to help.


For further information & related links visit:

>>  Communities & Local Government

>>  Association of HIP Providers

>>  Home Information Pack




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